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Topic Summary
Texas State Statute:
opens new window Texas: TS (Occupations) Code 58.001 et seq.
Employment Nondiscrimination,
Privacy,
Research
The statutes restrict the use and disclosure of genetic tests and the use of family history by a licensing authority. A sample obtained from an individual for a genetic test must be destroyed promptly after the purpose for which the sample was obtained with some exceptions, including (1) authorized retention of the sample for medical treatment or scientific research or (2) if the sample was obtained for research that is cleared by an institutional review board, and retention of the sample is under a requirement the institutional review board imposes on a specific research project or authorized by the research participant with institutional review board approval under federal law. Genetic information may not be disclosed without written authorization with some exceptions, including (1) if the disclosure is for information from a research study in which the procedure for obtaining informed written consent and the use of the information is governed by national standards for protecting participants involved in research projects, including guidelines issued under 21 C.F.R. Part 50 and 45 C.F.R. Part 46 and (2) the information does not identify a specific individual.

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Last Reviewed: December 27, 2012