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National Human Genome Research Institute

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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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July 9, 2014: Study identifies novel genomic changes in the most common type of lung cancer New
Researchers from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have identified novel mutations in a well-known cancer-causing pathway in lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of lung cancer.  Knowledge of these genomic changes may expand the number of possible therapeutic targets for this disease and potentially identify a greater number of patients with treatable mutations because many potent cancer drugs that target these mutations already exist.

July 7, 2014: NIH funds next step of cutting-edge research into Alzheimer's disease genome New
Teams of scientists will use support from the National Institutes of Health to conduct research into the genetic underpinnings of Alzheimer's disease, analyzing how genome sequences-the order of chemical letters in a cell's DNA-may contribute to increased risk or protect against the disease. The NIH awarded grants for using innovative new technologies and computational methods for the analysis. The scientists also will seek insights into why some people with known risks do not develop the disease.

July 1, 2014: NIH names new clinical sites in Undiagnosed Diseases Network New
The National Institutes of Health has awarded grants to six medical centers around the country to select from the most difficult-to-solve medical cases and together develop effective approaches to diagnose them. The clinical sites will conduct clinical evaluation and scientific investigation in cases that involve patients with prolonged undiagnosed conditions. 

June 27, 2014: MEDIA AVAILABILITY: New approach may improve study of hard-to-grow, disease-related microorganisms 
Researchers for the first time have used a combination of microfluidics and genomics to fish out a specific gut bacterium from the sea of trillions of microbes in the human microbiome. The new method has broad applications for isolating and studying many now impossible or hard-to-grow microorganisms implicated in health and disease, according to a study published online the week of June 23, 2014, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

June 18, 2014New report offers a primer for doctors' use of clinical genome and exome sequencing 

Sooner than almost anyone expected, a new, genome-based technology for demystifying undiagnosed illnesses-particularly rare childhood diseases-is moving from research laboratories into general medical practice. Now, two leading scientists have sketched out what doctors need to know in order to use the new technology effectively. 

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May 19, 2014: Media Availability:New approach to analyzing tumor genome promises expanded results
Researchers have created a promising new method to accurately and, in some cases, more comprehensively analyze and interpret DNA sequence information from cancer patients. They have developed an algorithm that sorts out genomic mutations and variations and ranks them according to their clinical and biological relevance to a patient's cancer. The findings eventually may help guide individualized patient treatment or enrollment in clinical trials that test a therapy aimed at a particular genomic alteration. 

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March 20, 2014: Researchers discover underlying genetics, marker for stroke, cardiovascular disease
Scientists studying the genomes of nearly 5,000 people have pinpointed a genetic variant tied to an increased risk for stroke, and have also uncovered new details about an important metabolic pathway that plays a major role in several common diseases. Together, their findings may provide new clues to underlying genetic and biochemical influences in the development of stroke and cardiovascular disease, and may also help lead to new treatment strategies.

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February 19, 2014: NIH team discovers genetic disorder causing strokes and vascular inflammation in children
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified gene variants that cause a rare syndrome of sporadic fevers, skin rashes and recurring strokes, beginning early in childhood. The team's discovery coincides with findings by an Israeli research group that identified an overlapping set of variants of the same gene in patients with a similar type of blood vessel inflammation.

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January 29, 2014: TCGA bladder cancer study reveals potential drug targets, similarities to several cancers
Investigators with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have identified new potential therapeutic targets for a major form of bladder cancer, including important genes and pathways that are disrupted in the disease. They also discovered that, at the molecular level, some subtypes of bladder cancer - also known as urothelial carcinoma - resemble subtypes of breast, head and neck and lung cancers, suggesting similar routes of development.

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Last Updated: July 9, 2014