Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008

National Human Genome Research Institute

National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008

Information for Researchers and Health Care ProfessionalsPDF file
A fact sheet from NHGRI and the Department of Health and Human Services that explains the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) so that investigators and researchers can understand the law and its prohibitions related to discrimination in health coverage and employment based on genetic information.


Legislative History

President Bush Signs Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008

President George W. Bush signs H.R. 493, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008, Wednesday, May 21, 2008, in the Oval Office. White House photo by Eric Draper. Washington, Wed., May 21 2008 — The President has signed into law the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) that will protect Americans against discrimination based on their genetic information when it comes to health insurance and employment. The bill had passed the Senate unanimously and the House by a vote of 414 to 1. The long-awaited measure, which has been debated in Congress for 13 years, will pave the way for people to take full advantage of the promise of personalized medicine without fear of discrimination.

Read more: President Bush Signs H.R. 493, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008
[georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov]


The history of GINA's passage through the legislative process, 2007-2008, can be tracked on this page.


Legislative Chronology

House Resolution (H.R.) 493: The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2007 [thomas.loc.gov]

Senate Bill (S.) 358: The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2007 [thomas.loc.gov]

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Last Reviewed: March 16, 2012