2012 Release: NIH seeks applications to study genome sequencing in newborn period

National Human Genome Research Institute

National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
www.nichd.nih.gov

National Human Genome Research Institute
www.genome.gov

NIH seeks applications to study genomic sequencing in newborn period

Funding intended to spur information on implications, potential of new technology

Heel blood on a filter paper card for the newborn screening

Bethesda, Md., Thurs., Aug. 9, 2012 - The National Institutes of Health is seeking applications for research projects on the implications of information obtained from sequencing the genome to identify diseases in newborns. The intent of funding such projects is to further the understanding of disorders that appear during the newborn period and to improve treatments for these diseases.

Whole genome sequencing is a laboratory method that can determine the entire DNA sequence of a person's genetic material, or genome, from a DNA sample. In recent years, genomic technologies have advanced sufficiently so that it may be possible to use individuals' whole genome information to enhance medical care, including the care and treatment of newborns.

According to the funding announcement, the NIH is seeking applications "to explore the implications, challenges, and opportunities associated with the possible use of genomic sequence information in the newborn period."

"The use of expanded genomic information has the potential to significantly impact newborn screening in both the clinical and public health setting and benefit numerous infants and children. However, it is vital that the use of genomic technology in newborns is explored in a thoughtful manner by teams of scientists who develop technology, treat children, and examine the ethical, legal and societal implications of implementing such programs." said Tiina Urv, Ph.D., of the Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Branch of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

DNA-based testing is currently used to confirm diagnoses for some newborn conditions," said Anastasia Wise, Ph.D., Epidemiologist, Office of Population Genomics, NHGRI. "Pilot studies funded under this program will be useful to determine whether or not having genome sequence information contributes to improved clinical care of newborns."

The five-year program will be co-funded by the NICHD and the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), both part of NIH.

This program will sponsor research projects that bring together teams of researchers with expertise in the following areas:

Researchers will be asked to answer one or more of the following research questions:

Officials at the NICHD and the NHGRI developed this initiative based on the advice of experts who attended a workshop to develop a research agenda on the potential application of genomic technology to newborn screening. (A summary of the workshop can be found here: www.nichd.nih.gov/about/meetings/2010/pages/121410.aspx). The institutes currently plan to commit an estimated total of $25 million to the program over five years.

For more information on this funding opportunity, visit http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HD-13-010.html.

About the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD): The NICHD sponsors research on development, before and after birth; maternal, child, and family health; reproductive biology and population issues; and medical rehabilitation. For more information, visit the Institute's website at www.nichd.nih.gov.

The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) is one of the 27 institutes and centers at the National Institutes of Health, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services. The NHGRI Division of Extramural Research supports grants for research and training and career development at sites nationwide. Additional information about NHGRI can be found at its website, www.genome.gov.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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Contact:

Robert Bock or Marianne Glass Miller
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development 301-496-5133
bockr@mail.nih.gov

Raymond MacDougall
National Human Genome Research Institute
301-402-0911
macdougallr@mail.nih.gov

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Last Updated: August 16, 2012