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Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC)

A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) is an engineered DNA molecule used to clone DNA sequences in bacterial cells (for example, E. coli). BACs are often used in connection with DNA sequencing. Segments of an organism's DNA, ranging from 100,000 to about 300,000 base pairs, can be inserted into BACs. The BACs, with their inserted DNA, are then taken up by bacterial cells. As the bacterial cells grow and divide, they amplify the BAC DNA, which can then be isolated and used in sequencing DNA.

Date:June 12, 2010
Credit:Darryl Leja, NHGRI
Dimensions:1653 x 1540
File Size:785 Kb
Rights:PublicExcept where otherwise noted, this image is in the public domain and may be used, linked or reproduced without permission. If you use an image, please credit the source listed above with a link back to www.genome.gov where possible. Thank you!



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