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Zoologists are biologists utilizing genomics and genetics to identify and preserve endangered species. They study facets of animal life to better understand the challenges animal species face, trying ultimately to improve the well-being and likelihood of survival of animal populations.

Zoologists vary widely in the animal groups they study: ornithologists (birds), mammalogists (mammals), herpetologists (reptiles), ichthyologists (fish), and so on. They conduct research into elements of animal populations, such as growth, nutrition, and reproduction. Their goal is to devise successful methods of controlling populations (like those of vermin and harmful pests), preventing the total loss of an animal species, and encouraging positive coexistence between animals and humans.

Career Outlook

Employment of biological scientists is expected to grow moderately as biotechnical research continues to drive job growth. The acceleration of endangerment of animal populations will also increase demand for zoologists.. Degree holders face competition for basic research positions.

Working Conditions & Context

Zoology often involves work out-of-doors, working hands-on with animals at least some of the time, though this is not true for all zoologists. Many work regular hours in laboratories, zoos, aquariums, animal parks, and offices.

Salary Information

A typical Salary Range for this career is $33,550 - $90,850 annually.

The Median Income for this career is about $55,290 annually.

Education Information


A Bachelor's degree in a related biological field is typically adequate for some non-research jobs. Anyone wishing to engage in full-time research should pursue at least a Master's degree, though stiff competition will prompt most positions to go to those who hold still higher degrees.

Those with only a Bachelor's or Master's degree can still find work in the field.

Certification & Licensing:


Other Resources

Related Careers

Botanist, Reproductive Veterinarian

More Information

The American Association of Zoo Keepers

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics

* Information regarding income is cited from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
** More than a minimum degree may be required for some careers.