Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms
A cytogeneticist is a geneticist who specializes in the study of chromosomes and the structure and function of the cell.
A cytogeneticist describes an individual who can take cells from a person and use their microscope to produce a karyotype - essentially all the chromosomes from an individual are lined up in a picture. In using this technique you can detect whether or not the chromosomes are normal or abnormal.
Name: Amalia S. Dutra, Ph.D.
Biography: Dr. Dutra is the Director of Cytogenetics and Microscopy Core in the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). Her expertise is in molecular cytogenetic and her field of interests is in chromosome defects in several species: human, mouse, deer, dog, rat and zebrafish. These studies have led to numerous collaborations with scientists in all branches of NHGRI. She is also working on mapping chromosome break points of interest by applying high-resolution techniques to defined potential genomic alterations in a number of diseases whose molecular defects have not yet been characterized. As a Director of the Cytogenetic and Microscopy Core, she also devotes part of her time to overseeing the day-to-day operation of the state-of-the-art confocal, long-term live cell, spinning disk and epi-fluorescent facility.