of Genetic Terms
Definitions for genetic terms used on this page.
Cumulative Pace of Gene Discovery 1981 - 2005
The number of disease genes identified from 1981 to 2005.
Gene Discoveries for Common Complex Diseases 1990 - 2007
The genes discovered, along with concurrent NIH initiatives, since the beginning of the Human Genome Project.
Frequently Asked Questions About Genetic Research
What do genetic researchers study?
We have made great progress in mapping the human genome. Genetic researchers are now learning more about how each gene works and what it does. They also study the role that variations in genes play in disease. Genetic researchers are working to identify the genetic and environmental causes of common illnesses such as asthma, arthritis and Alzheimer disease. The results of such studies will lead to many advances in disease prevention and treatment.
How can genetic research help people with genetic disorders?
Genetic research will lead to improved diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Researchers are creating new types of drugs based on what we know about genes. Because these newer drugs target certain sites in the body, they may have fewer side effects than many of today's medicines. Other new types of medicines will be tailored to an individual's unique genetic profile. (See Pharmacogenetics and Phamacogenomics at: Genetics, Disease Prevention and Treatment).
Current Basic Genetic Research at NHGRI Labs
Where can I get more information about genetic research?
- All About the Human Genome Project
Multiple resources on the history and development of genomic and genetic research.
- Fact Sheets
NHGRI-created fact sheets about genetic science, research technique and ethics.
- National DNA Day
Webcasts, questions and answers on genetics and genomics from the DNA Day Online Chatroom, more.
- Online Genetics Education Resources
Links to information about genetics research.
- Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms
Definitions for genetic and genomic terms.
Last Reviewed: June 2, 2014