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The ADHD Genetic Research Study at the National Institutes of Health and The National Human Genome Research Institute

Scientific Reading

NOTE: NHGRI does not endorse these readings. The choices expressed on this Web page do not necessarily state or reflect the views of the U.S. government, and they may not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.

Accardo P. A rational approach to the medical assessment of the child with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Pediatr Clin North Am, 46(5):845-56. 1999. [PubMed]

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington D.C., American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

Anderson JC., Franz CP., Williams S., McGee R., Silva PA. DSM-III Disorders in Preadolescent Children. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 44:69-76. 1987. [PubMed]

Asherson PJ, Curran S. Approaches to gene mapping in complex disorders and their application in child psychiatry and psychology. Br J Psychiatry, 179: 122-8. 2001. [PubMed]

Barkley RA. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Scientific American, (3):66-71. 1998. [PubMed]

Biederman J, Faraone SV, Keenan K, Benjamin J, Kritcher B, Moore C, Sprich, Buckminster S, Ugaglia K, Jellinek MS, Steingard R. Further evidence for family-genetic risk factors in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Patterns of comorbidity in probands and relatives psychiatrically and pediatrically referred samples. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 49:728-738. 1992. [PubMed]

Biederman J., Faraone SV., Milberger S., Guite J., Mick E., Chen L., Mennin D., Marrs A., Ouellette C., Moore P., Spencer T., Norman D., Wilens T., Kraus I., Perrin J. A Prospective 4-Year Follow-up Study of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity and Related Disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 53:437-446. 1996. [PubMed]

Bradley JD, Golden CJ. Biological contributions to the presentation and understanding of attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder: a review. Clin Psychol Rev., (6):907-29. 2001. [PubMed]

Cantwell DP. Genetics of Hyperactivity. J Child Psychol Psychiat, 16: 261-261. 1975. [PubMed]

Castellanos FX. Neural substrates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Adv Neurol, 85:197-206. 2001. [PubMed]

Castellanos FX . Toward a pathophysiology of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Clin Pediatr (Phila), 36 (7):381-93. 1997. [PubMed]

Comings DE. Clinical and molecular genetics of ADHD and Tourette syndrome. Two related polygenic disorders. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 931:50-83. 2001. [PubMed]

Eisenberg J, Zohar A, Mei-Tai G, Steinberg A, Tartakovsky E, Gritsenko I, Nemanov L, Ebstein RP. A haplotype relative risk study of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) exon III repeat polymorphism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Am J Med Genet, 96(3):258-61. 2000. [PubMed]

Elia J, Ambrosini PJ, Rapoport JL. Treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder. N Engl J Med, 340(10):780-8. 1999. [PubMed]

Faraone SV., Biederman J., Chen WJ., Krifcher B., Keenan K., Moore C., Sprich S., Tsuang MT. Segregation analysis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatric Genetics, 2:257-275. 1992.

Faraone SV., Biederman J., Lehman BK., Keenan K., Norman D., Seidman LJ., Kolodny R., Kraus I., Perrin J., Chen WJ. Evidence for the Independent Familial Transmission of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities: Results From a Family Genetic Study. Am J Psychiatry, 150(6):891-895. 1993. [PubMed]

Faraone SV., Biederman J., Milberger S. An Exploratory Study of ADHD among Second Degree Relatives of ADHD Children. Biol Psychiatry, 35(6):398-402. 1994. [PubMed]

Faraone SV., Biederman J., Chen WJ., Milberger S., Warburton R., Tsuang MT. Gentetic Heterogeneity in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Gender Psychiatric Comorbidity and Maternal ADHD. J Abnorm Psychol, 104(2):334-345. 1992. [PubMed]

Faraone SV, Doyle AE. The nature and heritability of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, (2):299-316. 2001. [PubMed]

Faraone SV, Doyle AE. Genetic influences on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Curr Psychiatry Rep, (2):143-6. 2000. [PubMed]

Faraone SV, Biederman J, Spencer T, Wilens T, Seidman LJ, Mick E, Doyle AE. Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder in adults: an overview. Biol Psychiatry, 48 (1):9-20. 2000. [PubMed]

Faraone SV, Biederman J. Is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder familial? Harv Rev Psychiatry, (5):271-87. 1994. [PubMed]

Faraone SV, Biederman J. Do attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and major depression share familial risk factors? J Nerv Ment Dis, (9):533-41. 1997. [PubMed]

Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Molloy E, Castellanos FX . Brain imaging of attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 931:33-49. 2001. [PubMed]

Holmes SE, Slaughter JR, Kashani J. Risk factors in childhood that lead to the development of conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev, 31(3):183-93. 2001. [PubMed]

Hudziak JJ. The role of phenotypes (diagnoses) in genetic studies of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and related child psychopathology. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, 10(2):279-97. 2001. [PubMed]

Jensen PS. ADHD: current concepts on etiology, pathophysiology and neurobiology. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am, (3):557-72. 2000. [PubMed]

Kuntsi J, Stevenson J. Hyperactivity in children: a focus on genetic research and psychological theories. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev, (1):1-23. 2000. [PubMed]

Levy F, Swanson JM. Timing, space and ADHD: the dopamine theory revisited. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, (4):504-11. 2001. [PubMed]

Mercugliano M. What is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Pediatr Clin North Am, (5):831-43. 1999. [PubMed]

Miller KJ, Castellanos, FX. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders. Pediatr Rev, 19(11):373-84. 1998. [PubMed]

Paule MG, Rowland AS, Ferguson SA, Chelonis JJ, Tannock R, Swanson JM, Castellanos, FX. Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: characteristics, interventions and models. Neurotoxicol Teratol, (5):631-51. 2000. [PubMed]

Rapoport JL, Castellanos FX, Gogate N, Janson K, Kohler S, Nelson P. Imaging normal and abnormal brain development: new perspectives for child psychiatry. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, (3):272-81. 2001. [PubMed]

Richters JE, Arnold LE, Jensen PS, Abikoff H, Conners CK, Greenhill LL, Hechtman L, Hinshaw SP, Pelham WE, Swanson JM. NIMH collaborative multisite multimodal treatment study of children with ADHD: 1. Background and rationale. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, (8):987-1000. 1995. [PubMed]

Ryan SG. Genetic susceptibility to neurodevelopmental disorders. J Child Neurol, (3):187-95. 1999. [PubMed]

Shaffer D., Fisher P., Dulcan MK., Davies M., Piacentini J., Schwab-Stone ME., Lahey BB., Bourdon K., Jensen PS., Bird HR., Canino G., Regier DA. The NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): Description, Acceptability, Prevelence Rates, and Performance in the MECA Study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 35(7):865-877. 1996. [PubMed]

Sharp S, Walter JM, Marsh WL, Ritchie GF, Hamburger SD, Castellanos, FX. ADHD in girls: clinical comparability of a research sample. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, (1):40-7. 1999. [PubMed]

Spencer T, Biederman J, Wilens TE, Faraone SV. Adults with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: a controversial diagnosis. J Clin Psychiatry, 59 Suppl 7:17-23. 1998. [PubMed]

Sullivan MA, Rudnik-Levin F. Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and substance abuse. Diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 931:251-70. 2001. [PubMed]

Swanson J, Castellanos FX, Murias M, LaHoste G, Kennedy J. Cognitive neuroscience of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and hyperkinetic disorder. Curr Opin Neurobiol, (2):263-71. 1998. [PubMed]

Swanson JM, Sergeant JA, Taylor E, Sonuga-Barke EJ, Jensen PS, Cantwell DP. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and hyperkinetic disorder. Lancet. 351(9100): 429-33. 1998. [PubMed]

Szatmari P., Offord DR., Boyle MH. Correlates, Associated Impairments and Patterns of Service Utilization of Children with Attention Deficit Disorder: Findings from the Ontario Child Health Study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 30(2):205-217. 1989. [PubMed]

Tannock R. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: advances in cognitive, neurobiological, and genetic research. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, (1):65-99. 1998. [PubMed]

Thapar A. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: unraveling the molecular genetics. Mol Psychiatry, (5):370-2. 1998. [PubMed]

Weiss M, Hechtman L, Weiss G. ADHD in parents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 39(8):1059-61. 2000. [PubMed]


Last Updated: February 15, 2014

See Also:

Genetic Analysis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
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