The Caenorhabditis elegans genome (WGS) sequencing project was essentially completed and published in Science in 1998. The final gaps were filled in by October 2002. The genome of C. elegans was the first of any multicellular organism to be sequenced in its entirety. The genome is approximately 97Mb in size, and encodes over 19,000 proteins. The project was divided between the Washington University Genome Sequencing Center (WUGSC) and the Sanger Institute, and was supported by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and The Wellcome Trust.
The genome of a related nematode, Caenorhabditis briggsae, was sequenced by a whole genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing approach. As with C. elegans, that project is supported by the NHGRI and The Welcome Trust and is being carried out in collaboration between the Washington University Genome Sequencing Center and the Sanger Institute. A preliminary assembly of the genome, based on plasmid, fosmid, and BAC-end reads that constitute 10-fold coverage of the genome, was made available in the summer of 2002.
In January 2004, NHGRI announced their support of a sequencing project meant to enhance the utility of the existing C. elegans genome assembly. The sequencing of the genomes of three additional roundworm species -- C. remanei, C. japonica, and C. sp. CB5161 -- and subsequent analyses to compare the resulting data to the existing roundworm genomes should allow for more thorough annotation of the C. elegans genome. The project aims to produce nine-fold genome coverage of each of these three species using a whole genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing approach. This sequencing project is being led by the Washington University (St. Louis) Genome Sequencing Center.
Last Updated: June 5, 2012