Last updated: May 06, 2013
1992: Second-generation Genetic Map of Human Genome
A team from France built a low-resolution, microsatellite genetic map of the entire human genome.
The first genetic map that spanned the entire human genome with microsatellite markers was an improvement over earlier genetic maps using RFLPs (restriction fragment length polymorphisms) as markers, since microsatellites are more easily discovered and distinguished.
Each generation of genetic map helped geneticists more quickly locate disease genes on chromosomes. That a genetic marker is always inherited along with a certain disease gene indicates that the gene is located near the marker.
Weissenbach, J., Gyapay, G., Dib, C., Vignal, A., Morissette, J., Millasseau, P., Vaysseix, G., et al. A second-generation linkage map of the human genome. Nature, 359:794-801. 1992. [PubMed]