A genetic map (also called a linkage map) shows the relative location of genetic markers (reflecting sites of genomic variants) on a chromosome. A genetic map is based on the concept of genetic linkage: the closer two markers are to each other on a chromosome, the greater the probability that they will be inherited together. By studying inheritance patterns, the relative order and location of genetic markers along a chromosome can be established.
[Genetic map] is a map that shows the relative location of two genetic traits. And the way to do this is to use the offspring of an organism and track how many times two given genetic traits are inherited together; for instance, hair color and eye color. The higher the percentage of descendants that have both traits together, the closer on the chromosome the genes responsible for the traits will be.