Explicit consent: Explicit consent is a clear, affirmative response -- usually given orally or in writing -- for a particular choice. In the research context, explicit consent for broad data sharing is typically obtained by a research team, wherein a participant affirms if they are willing to share their de-identified data in a data repository.
Broad data sharing: Broad data sharing indicates that data can be shared with others, often through data repositories. Data repositories can either be unrestricted or controlled-access. Consent for broad data sharing does not prevent the participant’s ability to limit the future use of their data (e.g., data can only be used for cancer research). Consent for broad data sharing is different from “broad consent.”
Genomic data repositories: Genomic data repositories (or genomic databases) store and distribute genomic data. They are useful because the data may then be used for purposes beyond those that the data were collected for. Such use is called “secondary research use” and helps maximize the scientific utility of the data and promotes its potential to benefit the public.
Funding Opportunity Announcement: A Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) contains all the official information about opportunities to receive grant funding from the NIH. It is a publicly available document published in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. There are various types of FOAs, including program announcements (PA), programs announcements with special receipt dates (PAR), and Request for Applications (RFA).