A new human "pangenome" reference
The NHGRI-funded Human Pangenome Reference Consortium has released a high-quality collection of human genome reference sequences, which together comprise a human “pangenome” reference. Encompassing genome sequences from 47 people of diverse ancestries (with the goal of increasing that number to 350 by mid-2024), the human pangenome reference captures significantly more population diversity than the previous reference sequence.
News Release: Scientists release a new human “pangenome” reference
May 10, 2023
From NHGRI Director: Remarks from the Human Pangenome Media Briefing
May 10, 2023
Media Advisory: NIH-funded Scientists to Discuss New Human “Pangenome” Reference
May 4, 2023
Volume 617 Issue 7960, 11 May 2023
The cover shows the pangenome wrapping a globe and uses a sequence tube map rendering of a pangenome graph relating ten haplotypes within the highly variable HLA-A locus on chromosome 6 created by Adam Novak at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Cover image: Darryl Leja/NHGRIRead More
Liao et al. A draft human pangenome reference. Nature. Doi: 10.1038/s41586-023-05896-x (2023).
Vollger et al. Increased mutation rate and gene conversion within human segmental duplications. Nature. Doi: 10.1038/s41586-023-05895-y (2023).
Guarracino et al. Recombination between heterologous human acrocentric chromosomes. Nature. Doi: 10.1038/s41586-023-05976-y (2023).
Hickey et al. Pangenome graph construction from genome alignment with minigraph-cactus. Nature Biotechnology. Doi: 10.1038/s41587-023-01793-w (2023).
New York Times: Scientists Unveil a More Diverse Human Genome
NewScientist: What is the human pangenome and why do we need it?
Researchers from the @genome_gov-funded Human Pangenome Reference Consortium (@HumanPangenome) have completed a collection of new human reference genome sequences that much more accurately reflect global diversity! https://t.co/jaercozEem pic.twitter.com/ZkjSJH8NAE— National Human Genome Research Institute (@genome_gov) May 10, 2023
The Human Pangenome
Credit: NHGRI and Massive Science
How to Sequence a Human Genome in 7 'Easy' Steps!
Credit: Ernesto Del Aguila III, NHGRI
Fully Sequencing the Human Genome
Credit: Harry Wedel, NHGRI
Animation: Filling in the Gaps of the Human Genome Sequence
Credit: Ernesto Del Aguila III, NHGRI.
Infographic: Why do we need a new human pangenome reference?
The original human genome reference sequence was generated by the Human Genome Project in 2003. While this reference sequence has been regularly updated as researchers fixed errors and filled in missing regions of the genome, it only reflected data generated from about 20 people. Most of that first human genome reference sequence was just from one person. The previous human genome reference sequence is only 92% complete, with an estimated 8% of the human genome missing because of gaps in the sequence. The new human pangenome reference is more comprehensive and incorporates the missing 8% of the human genome sequence, adding over 100 million new bases.Learn More
Last updated: June 1, 2023