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updated: April 16, 2024


Nanotechnology (often shortened to nanotech) is the understanding and use of matter on an atomic and molecular scale for industrial purposes. Manipulating matter at nanoscale — between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers — holds potential for novel applications in many fields, including genomics, engineering, computer science and medicine.


Nanotechnology. Nanotechnology studies and designs materials, a nanometer scale which is 1 billionth of a meter or 10 to the minus 9ths of a meter. Material at the nanometer scale behaves differently than bulk material. Nanotechnology has brought applications in genomics and biomedical field. For example, next-gen sequencing technologies, especially for long-reads of single DNA molecules, use nanotechnology approaches. The highly successful Covid-19 or SARS-CoV-2 MRA vaccines use nanoparticles for delivery.

Paul Liu
Paul P. Liu, M.D., Ph.D.

Senior Investigator

Translational and Functional Genomics Branch