Population genomics is the application of genomic technologies to understand populations of organisms. In humans, population genomics typically refers to applying technology in the quest to understand how genes contribute to our health and well-being.
Population genomics really refers to a new concept in terms of ancestry, in terms of sequencing the human genome, which really has lead to the development of spectacular technology that is helping us to now search the genome in a way that we were unable to do before. So population genomics is really applying biotechnology to the genome in a way that we can characterize, you know, things like genetic variation, you know, understand how they relate to different diseases, and how they contribute generally to the health and well-being of people. And it will also help us to understand human evolutionary history. For example, population genomics is applied to development of the HapMap project, which really tells us and gives us good information about genetic variation across continents.Charles N. Rotimi, Ph.D.